The hemp plant has over 100 identified cannabinoids. The two primary cannabinoids, THC and CBD, have been and continue to be extensively researched, therefore increasing our level of understanding of their benefits. However, there are various recent research projects that have also elucidated the various roles and potential of what are considered minor cannabinoids. The minor cannabinoids CBC and CBN are increasingly being used by many CBD product developers and wholesalers and are seeing an uptick in consumer demand. Let’s take a look at what the hype is all about!
CBC Potential and Benefits
Cannabichromene, also known as CBC, is classified as one of the ‘big six’ of cannabinoids, the 6 most researched cannabinoids of the cannabis sativa plant. CBC has the same origins as CBD in that it converts from CBGA into CBCA and then into CBC after exposure to ultraviolet light or heat. CBC is also non-intoxicating, like CBD.
The reason that CBC doesn’t produce a ‘high’ like THC is because it doesn’t bind well with the CB1 cannabinoid receptors in the brain. However, CBC does bind with other receptors in the body such as the vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1) and transient receptor ankyrin 1(TRPA1). Both of these receptors are linked to pain perception and when CBC activates them it promotes increased release of the body’s natural endocannabinoids like Anandamide. It increases the uptake of Anandamide, which means it allows it to stay in the bloodstream longer. Anandamide is known as ‘the bliss molecule’ due to its anti-depressant and mood elevating properties.
CBC has shown very strong potential for providing therapeutic benefits, including for inflammation, stem/progenitor cell function and mood.
CBC oils can be infused into edible CBD products as well as any topicals, including skin care formulations.
CBN Properties and Potential Benefits
Cannabinol, CBN, is a unique cannabinoid in that it does not come directly from the cannabis sativa plant. Rather, it has a specific relationship with the cannabinoid THC because it forms from the exterior oxidation of THC. This means that the acid form of THC, THCA, converts into CBN when the plant is cut and stored. It is a product of the degradation process or exterior oxidation of THC when exposed to air, over time, where it converts to CBNA. When the compound is treated to UV light and air it converts to CBN.
Often poorly stored cannabis sativa plants are high in CBN. CBN does have some psychoactive properties, although negligible in comparison to THC. That said, it has been demonstrated to have an array of therapeutic benefits especially in terms of sedative and body relaxation properties.
It offers many of the benefits of THC although only about 10% as potent.
Some of the most notable benefits include reduction of inflammation, pain relief, bone formation and healing, as well as providing topical benefits and relief for skin irritations and burns.
CBN isolate can be formulated into topicals to increase the efficacy of balms, creams, salves and lotions for pain relief as well as skin irritations.
Laurelcrest along with our Pharma Hemp partners offer a variety of minor cannabinoids like CBN and CBC oils to help you customize your brand and product line.
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