Frequently Asked Questions
Whether you are a consumer of CBD products or a reseller to consumers, the industry comes with a variety of questions you likely want answers to. With our expertise in the CBD field, we have rounded up the most frequently asked questions for you.
What is CBD?
CBD is the abbreviation for Cannabidiol, one of the resinous molecules known as phytocannabinoids, found in the flowers, leaves and stems of the cannabis sativa plant. CBD is a non-psychoactive cannabinoid and one of the two major cannabinoids, the other being THC, which does have psychoactive properties.
CBD is found in greater abundance in the hemp variety of cannabis sativa, which has a low THC concentration (below 0.3% as a legal standard). There are over 100 identified phytocannabinoids in the cannabis sativa plant.
How Is CBD Oil Made?
CBD oil is made by extracting the compounds from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant. There are various methods of extraction that can be used: however, the top two are CO2 and Ethanol Extraction. CO2 Extraction requires expensive equipment: however, it has an advantage of being able to selectively extract specific compounds and allows for purity of the cannabinoids and flavor (terpenes) in the refined CBD oil.
Ethanol Extraction involves heating the material to achieve decarboxylation and then soaking the plant material in ethanol for a period of time. Then the liquid is filtered from the material and left in the open and allowed to evaporate. One of the advantages to this method is it does produce a high volume of full spectrum hemp extract.
What Other Ingredients are in CBD Oil?
>Many tinctures and other CBD products also have carrier oils added to them after processing. CBD oils that do not have carrier oils are also available from processors for wholesale and product development purposes.
What is The Endocannabinoid System?
The Endocannabinoid System (ECS) is a vast biological regulatory system of receptors on cells found in the brain, organs, tissues muscles, skeletal and immune systems of human and all mammalian bodies. This regulatory system plays various unique roles in basic physiological systems that include: immune response, cardiovascular function, respiration, metabolism, cognition, pain response, and sleep cycles.
The body naturally produces its own cannabinoids that interact with the ECS, and these are called endocannabinoids. Plant based cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids) also interact with the endocannabinoid system similarly, in both direct and indirect ways.
What is Decarboxylation?
Decarboxylation, often referred to as decarbing, is the process of heating the plant material for a period of time at approximately 230°F. The result is the activation of the CBD to maximize the potency and bioavailability of the cannabinoid and is often preformed either before or after the extraction process.
What is Winterization?
Winterization is essentially an alcohol wash of the cannabis/hemp material and then freezing it. This helps to separate the pure CBD from all residual compounds like lipids, waxes and starches.
Why Does CBD Crystallize?
At the molecular level the more OH groups (oxygen bonded to hydrogen) present in a molecule the more it will exhibit solid characteristics. For instance CBD has two OH groups compared to THC, which has only one. If, for instance, both of these compounds were together under the correct level of purity and temperature, CBD would be more likely to crystallize or reform crystals than THC. This, of course, would be subject to the actual ratio of concentration.
The degree of concentration is important when it comes to crystallization. The standard is that CBD distillate must be at least 80% purity to crystallize on it’s own. If you experience that, then it means that your CBD is most likely above 85%. Not necessarily a negative in terms of purity!
What Other Ingredients Are In CBD Oil?
CBD oil has the natural compounds present in the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant that include cannabinoids, terpenes, fatty acids and flavonoids. The actual compound profile depends on the processing. The plant material can be refined/processed to have the full-spectrum of plant compounds, a broad-spectrum of plant compounds with the THC removed or an isolate that is up to 99% pure CBD.
Many tinctures and other CBD products also have carrier oils added to them after processing. CBD oils that do not have carrier oils are also available from processors for wholesale and product development purposes.
Why is Bioavailability Important?
Bioavailability is the degree to which your body can absorb and use ingested compounds and drugs. The method and route of administration, rate of metabolism, lipid solubility and binding proteins affect absorption. These factors play into the level of absorption and efficacy when it comes to ingesting CBD.
CBD oil is NOT water-soluble and therefore has a somewhat limited bioavailability when ingested: however, a recently published Pharmacokinetic Study shows how a colloidal drop delivery system, VESIsorb ® dramatically increases absorption and efficacy of CBD. This is an important development for increased bioavailability of CBD and CBD infused products.
Is CBD Legal?
Yes. CBD is federally legal in the United States ONLY if the THC content is below 0.3%. Some states have various buying restrictions and you need to check with each particular state to confirm their laws pertaining to CBD.
What is Broad Spectrum CBD & How Is It Different From Full Spectrum CBD?
Full Spectrum CBD oil is processed from THC compliant hemp (below 0.3% THC) and contains the full spectrum of cannabinoids, terpenes, flavonoids and other beneficial plant compounds.
What is Full Sprectrum CBD?
Broad Spectrum CBD has remediated the THC to a non-detectable level and therefore is differentiated from the Full-Spectrum ‘entourage effect’.
What is THC Free CBD Oil?
THC Free CBD Oil is actually what is known as NDTHC, Non-Detectable THC Oil.
The CBD Oil has gone through a THC remediation process like chromatography or other remediation methods that bring the oil to a non-detectable level of THC.
What is the Difference Between Non-Detectable & THC Compliant?
Non-Detectable THC Oils (NDTHC) is the emerging industry standard name for Broad-Spectrum CBD oil.
What Are Cannabis Terpenes and What Do They Do?
Terpenes are part of the beneficial natural cannabinoid synergy of the cannabis and hemp plant. Terpenes can be added to a variety of products to create unique scents, flavors, and overall experiences.
What Is CBD Isolate?
How Do You Make CBD Oil from Isolate Powder?
How Do You Use CBD Isolate?
The powder also turns to oil when heated and you can add it to a carrier oil (MCT, Hempseed, Olive Oil, etc) to make a tincture or topical. It is also added to creams, balms and other cosmetics.
This means CBD product developers and brands can use +99% Pure CBD Isolate Powder in any kind of products from edibles to topicals, tinctures and more…
How Is Water Soluble CBD Made?
What is the Difference Between CBD & CBG?
What is CBN?
What is CBC?
What is CBDV?
What is THCV?
How Do You Consume Water Dissolvable CBD?
What Is the Difference Between Hemp Flower & Hemp Biomass?
What Is The Benefit Of Hand Harvested/ Hand Dried Hemp Vs. Machine Harvested/ Dried Hemp?
For large hemp farms, mechanical harvesting has become more common and adapted cutters or cutter-binders are used. The mechanical process can be used to separate the harvest for a different form of processing. The upper part of the plant with the leaves can be separated and collected for cold pressing and the lower part can be used for fiber or other uses and can be left on the field.
What Are The Different Stages Of CBD Crude Oil?
The CBD crude oil can then be refined further by what is called winterization, basically an alcohol wash and then it is frozen. This process removes the organic plant compounds like lipids, waxes and chlorophyll. The result is a pure, potent, transparent distillate.
What Is A COA?
Why Are COA ‘s Important?
Where Do You Source Your Hemp?
Our LAURELCREST hemp is USA, Oregon grown hemp.
Do You Ship to All 50 States?
LAURELCREST ships to all 50 states in the USA.
Do You Offer International Distribution?
Yes. LAURELCREST offers international distribution. Contact us for country specific information.
Do You Offer Custom Blending Services?
Yes. LAURELCREST offers custom blending services. Please contact us with your specifications and we will be happy to provide you with detailed information.